Vaping Could Lead To Tooth Decay, Gum Disease: Study

There is more reason to believe that vaping is bad for dental health.

A new study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association found that people who vaper have a higher risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

“Evidence on the potential oral health effects of vaping is scarce, and there is limited data on possible associations with tooth decay and periodontal disease.” The authors assessed the relationship between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or vape use and caries risk,” the study background states.

Researchers conducted a cross-sectional study using patient records from 13,098 individuals who attended dental offices from Jan. 1, 2019, through Jan. 1, 2022. Most of them did not vape (99.3%), but only a few (0.69%) admitted to using e-cigarettes. Among users, 79% had a significant risk of cavities.

The team established a link between the use of vapes or electronic cigarettes and the caries risk level of the patients. They found that those who vaped had a higher risk of tooth decay.

Based on a 2022 survey by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 2.55 million middle and high school students in the country use e-cigarettes. The results of the study indicate that they are at risk of suffering from tooth decay and gum disease.

Since vaping appears to promote cavities, users are at risk of tooth loss if left untreated. Some lab studies also found that the vapor from e-cigarettes may contribute to bad bacteria growth during the month, according to US News & World Report.

“If you’re vaping, be aware that there are potentially adverse oral health effects. If you vape, be sure to mention this to your dentist because it can be important to make sure we tailor your prevention routine to be a little more aggressive than we would for the average patient,” said lead researcher Dr. Karina Irusa said at the sale.

The assistant professor of comprehensive care at Tufts University School of Dentistry in Boston further explained that the tooth decay-causing bacteria appear to become more virulent and aggressive when exposed to the vapor produced by e-cigarettes.

Jennifer Genuardi, MD, internist and pediatrician at Urban Health Plan in New York City, responded to the study and called the results surprising.

Genuardi, who was not part of the research team, told Medscape that the ingredients found in e-cigarettes promote the overgrowth of bacteria that cause cavities in the mouth.

“We are learning more and more about the dangers of vaping every day. There is a focus in today’s research on the impact of actions on our microbiota and the subsequent impact on our health,” said Genuardi.

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